How to strengthen environmental health for citizens

Elected officials, institutions, health professionals, associations and citizens can promote training and information to improve awareness of environmental health and waste management concerns:

  • due to the more or less well-known impact on health of exposure to environmental pollution
  • the fact that everyone is involved in their own health and that of others
  • as a beneficiary to take into account the need for an environment favorable to health, in particular by local authorities and other players in town and country planning

The objective of this initiative revolves around the following concepts:

  • inform or communicate, which consists in sharing, transmitting something to someone without necessarily expecting the person concerned to have specific behavior or skills
  • raise awareness, which means to be able to react to something of which we have become aware; the objective sought is often the modification or adaptation of a behavior or an attitude towards a given situation
  • train what corresponds to giving an education in order to acquire additional specific skills

The objective is to create a common culture of stakeholders in environmental health education, to promote the appropriation by local authorities of their role in environmental health. It is also to promote the development by the general public of behaviors favorable to environmental health, to promote urban planning, regional planning and mobility favorable to health concerns, to better support urban development projects and to promote the health dimension awareness.

Land use planning projects and operations condition the main environmental determinants that can have an impact on the health of the population. However, these links between town and country planning, mobility and health are underestimated, even overlooked.

Today, the terms health and environment do not appear explicitly in town planning documents, but these documents incorporate the concepts of noise, air quality, mobility, etc.

The objective of this initiative is to ensure that health and environmental issues are integrated at each stage of urban development and alternative mobility projects and operations, whatever their territorial scale and beyond regulatory obligations. It is important to change the vision of the public authorities on these aspects and to provide better waste management solutions to reduce pollution.

At the same time, citizens must be brought to develop their practices and get involved in the co-construction of projects. Knowing the impact of air pollution on people’s health is key. In 2013, WHO classified outdoor air pollution as carcinogenic. It is the average level of pollution of the air we breathe that has the greatest impact on our health. If all the municipalities in the region reached the lowest concentrations observed in the equivalent municipalities, thousands of deaths would be avoided each year.

The areas more particularly impacted by atmospheric pollution are linked to human activities. The combination with social inequalities in health must be taken into account to determine the so-called priority challenges areas. To date, there is a lack of knowledge about these areas. More specifically, in these territories, suitable and accessible tools must be made available to stakeholders to help decision-making and deploy relevant actions, in particular aimed at changing behavior with respect to waste management and pollution.

This action includes two complementary measures:

  • develop knowledge and exposure maps relating to the quality of outdoor air
  • better characterize these so-called priority challenges areas with regard to air pollution
  • conduct a feasibility study on the cross-referencing of environmental, health and social deprivation data, in order to subsequently develop a tool to determine areas with priority challenges vis-à-vis air pollution
  • Reduce the expansion of plants that emit allergenic pollens

    Pollens are recognized by the environmental code as air pollution by biological agents. Actions on the problem of the presence of allergenic pollens in the air need to be carried out at different geographical levels and in a coordinated manner.

    The USA is affected by numerous plants with allergenic pollen (plane tree, cypress, grasses, ragweed, etc.). The geographic distribution varies depending on the species. Between 15% and 20% of the population suffers from pollinosis due to the presence of allergenic pollens in the air.

    A surveillance system was implemented by the National Aerobiological Surveillance Network, which has sensors to determine the amounts of allergenic pollens in the air. Sentinel pollinariums aim to finely detect the beginning and the end of the emission of pollens from locally gathered species (main plants and shrubs whose pollen is allergenic in the geographical area).

    This additional information, which comes under national systems, is transmitted to allergy sufferers who adapt the course of their treatment. In addition some states have set up a cartopollen tool which makes it possible to predict precisely, at the scale of the county, from phenological data, weather and land use, cypress pollen emissions. Finally, there are observatory type devices on the presence of allergenic plants or production of pollens.

    This action aims to make legible, even coordinate, on the regional territory, the system for monitoring and reducing colonization by plants with allergenic pollens.

    Insights About The Property Buying Process


    As you might imagine, purchasing a property entails knowing a lot of information regarding the buying process so you avoid any bump on the road. People are naturally curious and it is a good thing in this situation. But if you are working with a professional who has been working as an agent for many years, it will take you less effort to learn about the technicalities of investing in real estate.

    And you could save some money as well by avoiding some of the traps that may present themselves to anyone with little or no experience in this type of real estate investment.

    Whether you are a first-time buyer or someone who has bought a property before, you still need some refreshers on how the process of buying a house works nowadays. Regulations and market practices change, so keep up to date. Below are some of the information Kale Realty shares with their clients to ensure that they have the most basic information before they select a property.

    Length of the Purchase

    Some buyers ask their agent how long it usually takes to buy a home. Under normal market conditions, the average period is between a month to 45 days. However, some prepared home buyers have been known to process everything a lot faster. In hot markets with much sale activity, buying a home might take a little longer. One of the factors that can also slow down the buying process is when there are lender turn-around times for underwritten loans.

    You Need To Be Of Age

    To be eligible for a home loan, you must be at least 21 years old and should provide your proof of income. Even if you are independent at a young age who has been earning a stable income, it is highly likely that you will stumble into some problems. The termination of the loan must happen before or when you turn 65 years old. Loan regulation is stringent, even more so since the 2008 crisis which some many unprepared borrowers who had to forfeit theit property because of unrealistic leverage ratios.

    The Agent Fees

    Many buyers also wonder how long they can pay a real estate agent to help them choose and buy a house. Home shoppers pay almost little to no fees at all. For most home sales, there are two agents involved–one that represents the seller and the other represents the buyer. Agents who represent the buyer are usually compensated by the share they get from the money listing brokers get from their clients. However, this is not always the case. So always ask your agent about this.

    When you are new to the buying process in real estate, it can be daunting, thrilling and sometimes odd. But when you familiarize yourself with this peculiar process and allow your real estate agent to handle all the complicated stuff for you, things should go smoothly.

    Every location is different. What is true in Chicago maybe untrue in New York or Los Angeles. Market conditions and regulations vary from state to state and even from city to city, one more reason to use a knowledgeable agent with inside knowledge about the specific location you are eyeing.